Tagbilaran, especially the Bool district, witnessed the forge of the first international treaty of peace and friendship between two nations of different races and beliefs. On that fateful day of March 16, 1565, Captain General Miguel Lopez de Legaspi of the Spanish expedition and Datu Sikatuna, Bohol`s indigenous leader, sealed their friendship in an indigenous ritual, the Blood Compact. As usual at the time, they sealed their friendship with the bloodbath, where they pulled two to three drops of blood from their arms, mixed blood with wine and drank the same way in the cup. Other historians say that the blood-wine mixture was shared equally between the two and then the two drank the contents until the last drop. This expedition was the 5th that the Spanish crown had sent to the archipelago after Magellan`s expedition. Spain sent an expedition under the direction of Loaisa in 1525, Saavedra in 1527, Villalobos in 1542 and finally Legaspi in 1565. Of the five, no one has named these scattered islands, with the exception of Villalobos, which they call the « Western Islands », which are eventually known as the Visayan Islands. In 1885, a year after receiving a gold medal at the Exhibition of Fine Arts in Madrid, Luna went on another historical canvas forged in 1565 between Sikatuna and Legazpi. Luna was forced to make the picture for the Manila municipal government in exchange for a scholarship covering her studies and expenses in Madrid and Rome.
« El Pacto de Sangre » was exhibited in Barcelona in 1904 and at the St. Louis World`s Fair, before being permanently anchored in Malacaang. The « Sandugo » of 16 March 1565 was a peace treaty between Sikatuna and the Spaniards, who could not land at Bohol. In addition to the bad memories of Magellan`s death in Mactan in 1521, the people of Cebu and Bohol had been victims of Portuguese pirates. When the Spaniards arrived, they were mistaken for Portuguese. We will never experience rituals like those of Sikatuna or we will not do the traditional handshake of the company in the near future. But there are touches of reactions and emotions on our computers and smartphones, among which you can choose and click if you want to send a kiss or a hug, or show adhesion or disapproval. There`s even a way to sign contracts virtually. In 1565, the « Sandugo » (Isang Dugo or One Blood) between the Spanish explorer Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Datu Sikatuna, the leader of Bohol, was the most famous in the history of the Philippines. Beso, beso-beso or sometimes beso-beso (if in some parts of Europe) is no longer practiced for fear of contamination. Recent information suggests that Covid-19 spreads « between humans through direct, indirect contact (by contaminated objects or surfaces) or by close contact with people infected with mouth and nasal secretions. These include saliva, respiratory secretions or droplets.
These are released from the mouth or nose when an infected person coughs, scratches, speaks or sings. People who are in close contact within a metre of an infected person can catch Covid-19 if these infectious droplets enter their mouth, nose or eyes. And to avoid contact with these droplets, it is important to stay at least one metre away from the others and to cover the mouth with a curved cloth or elbow in case of a long-coming or coughing.