Probably the best way to reduce carbon emissions is a large-scale conversion of nuclear power generation, perhaps more than 50%, carried out a few years ago in France, Japan and other developed countries. The Protocol defines three « flexibility mechanisms » that can be used by Annex I Contracting Parties to meet their emission limitation obligations. :402 The flexibility mechanisms are the International Emissions Trading Scheme (EIT), the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI). Canada`s decision received a generally negative response from representatives of other raking countries.  This political turnaround was met with a massive wave of criticism that was quickly picked up by the international media. . . .